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Thursday, June 20, 2024

Ethiopia and TPLF forces Sign Peace Agreement

Key takeaways and Challenges – Disarmament of TPLF Forces and Implementing Transitional Measures.
The Federal government of Ethiopian and TPLF forces signed a peace agreement Wednesday November 2nd in Pretoria, South Africa ending 10-day long peace talks mediated by the African Union and presence of US, led by US Special Envoy for the HoA, Mike Hammer. Representative for Ethiopia government, Ambassador Redwan Hussein and TPLF forces representative Getachew Reda singed the peace agreement – a move expected to bring an end to two-year long civil war in Ethiopia resulting in hundreds of thousands death, millions displaced and facing famine and in need of urgent aid.
Although in his press briefing Mr. Obesegun Obasanjo indicated both parties agreeing saying “The two parties in the Ethiopian conflict have formally agreed to cession of hostility and systematic and orderly , smooth and coordinated disarmament “, he went further to say this is not the end of peace process but the beginning – a hint of uncertainty , given the magnitude and the complexity of the conflict and parties involved.
Key takeaways from South Africa peace talk agreement reached between Federal government of Ethiopia and TPLF representatives from Tigray as stated by former Nigerian president Olesegun Obasanjo, is the waring parties reaching an agreement for the TPLF combatants’ disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration – emphasizing the upper hand of a one Ethiopian national force (EDF) and Ethiopia constitution.
Now the focus is on the implementation of joint statement which entails several points, including upholding the peace agreement, permanent end of conflict, upholding the constitution of the federal government, disarmament of TPLF, expediting humanitarian aid and implementing transitional measures in restoring order, accountability, and reconciliation.
Despite inundated news by western media, TPLF leaders, and constant condemnation of western leaders of the presence of Eritrea and its role in the Ethiopia civil war, there is no mention of Eritrea in the 2-page agreement signed by both parties.

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